The cupping therapy is together with the herbal therapy of one of the oldest therapy forms of the humanity. The roots go back till the mesopotamischeage. Also in the Pharaoh’s nichespyramids cupping glasses are to be found (Chirali in 2007). In the antiquity and in the Middle Ages bleeding was applied in Europe continuously. In the Arabian and in the Indian space bleeding is carried out till this day and is called here “Hijama”. Also in other areas of this earth, like in Africa, in China or in Latin America, an important role took the cupping therapy in the medicine.
In the cupping therapy 3 methods are distinguished:
1. Dry cupping (Hijama bila shart)
2. bloody cupping (Hijama bilshart)
3. the cuupping massage (Tadlik)
According to temperament of the illness and dominating body liquid it is selected one or several types of cupping is applied. In the Unani medicine the body liquids, called also humors, an important role play. If the body fluids are changed in her quality (composition, viscosity among other things) or in her quantity, they can damage organs and structures in the body what can be the cause of illnesses. With bloody bleeding small scratches are put in the skin from him, by means of subpressure in the cupping glas, pathologically changed blood from the body can be taken.
Studies showed a clear discrepancy of the cupping blood to the venous blood(Mahdavi et. Al in 2013). The effectiveness of the cupping has been already booked for some illnesses by clinical studies, how z. b. with chronic cervical pains (leeks et. Al in 2012), unspecific LWS syndrome (Farhadi et. Alin 2009) and carpal tunnel syndrom (Michalsen et. Al in 2009).
The cupping therapy in the Unani medicine is clearly varied by her principles, nevertheless, as the practise of the cupping in the Arabian or also in the European space. The individual diagnosis position after detailed Unani anamnesis and diagnostics can leed an Unani doctor to give special herbs and to perform cupping therapy after that to be able to eliminate the desired pollutants from the body (Munzij Mushil therapy). Among the rest, the diverting of the injurious materials and liquids can occur through laxative, emetische or also blood diverting procedures, like the cupping therapy or bloodletting.
With other illnesses cupping glasses are put only drily to certain points to get going various processes, as for example about the breast to stop uterine bleeding or to promote the blood circulation in a less-supplied with blood area. If a less-supplied with blood area is bled falsely bloody, a deterioration ofthe symptomatology threatens itself.
Hence, it is to be carried out before any cupping treatmet exceedingly importantly detailed Unani-anamnesis and to determine the matching diagnosis. Then can be selected only the suitable cupping mehtod and the areas to be bled be fixed. The procedure of the cupping in itself is easily learnt, however, should occur only after these called points to allow a highest possible therapy success and to avoid adeterioration threatening if necessary of the illness state.