Food therapy (Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza)
A healthy and well-balanced food helps the person his state of health and well-being to maintain. Nevertheless, the “well-balanced food“ in the classical Unani sense is more far-reaching, than,otherwise, in the everyday life famously. Also with illnesses the first and most basic step of the therapy in the Unani medicine is the food therapy. Any therapy form without setting of the food is incomplete, because the supplied food all has her individual influence on our body.
Food is divided according to her energetic and according to her nourishing character. Energetically warm and cold as well as dry and humid food is distinguished. This does not refer to the consistency of the food (e.g. warmly or coldly) but, effect on our body. Everybody knows the warming effect of the chilli pod or a ginger soup. One feels this effect immediately with the absorption of nutrients. A freshly pressed orange juice or an ice in summer counteracts against the ruling heat in the body. Thus all food is energetically different and brings warmth, cold, dryness or humidity in the body, even if differently fast and differently strongly. One must include in the plan this effect with the therapy of an illness with, must be used with a „humid illness“ and/or a„humid temperament“ drying food to counteract against the increasing humidity (or also liquid aggregation).
With a right-sided heart failure with leg edemas (wateraggregation in the legs on account of a pumping weakness of the heart), for example, this effect is very recommendable. As a counter move the therapy is complicated or even fruitless if the patient takes too many “humid” food to himself.
The nourishing effect of the food refers on the one hand to the whole body, on the other hand, however, also on single organs. Thus, for example, the pomegranate is well for the liver and meat well for the blood. Here the widespread principle is also valid that the „well-balanced food“ is important to nourish the different organs of the body.
It is to be held on that the feeding one as well as the energetic effect of our absorption of nutrients is to be followed daily. As the last point is still to be stated that a healthy food also leads to a healthy admission and removal of materials which is counted to „six necessary life factors “(Asbab Assitta Aldharuria)”) and is discussed at other place.
A known quotation means: „The stomach is the house of the illness“