After successful diagnosis position (according to the Unani principles) the suitable therapy method is to be selected from the different therapy kinds. This can occur according to duration and kind of the illness, also in several steps. A regular digestion is the base for every therapy to ensure evacuating illness-causing factors. It are distinguished general from specific therapies. The target is to bring to body in a state of balance according every single organ, the body liquids as well as the psychic activity. With hot illnesses are cooling therapies and with humid illnesses drying measures are necessary and vice versa. With a excess in a body liquid an diverting procedure is indicated and with a qualitatve “unripeness” of the liquids or the organs stimulative and building up measuresare are necessary.
The Unani medicine describes 4 kinds of therapies:
Food therapy (Ilaj bil ghiza)
Every taken up food has an influence on the body. Hence, it is very important to pay attention to what one eats. A diverse and full food is the basis,however, it is specified in the Unanimedicine even further. The food which warms up the body (chilli, ginger,pepper …) from food which cools the body (yoghurt,vinegar, melon …). Furthermore is to be recognised drying (by cattle, pepper, coffee …) and a moistening effect (by water, milkproducts, oils …).
The everyday choice of the food should contain all qualities (warmly, coldly, drilyand humid), however, should be taken with an illness, for example, with a cold-dry illness rather to warm-humid food. If one reaches over and over again too coldly to dry food, the illness can be aggravated and the therapy success does not start or only strongly delayed (by other measures).
2. Medicament therapy (Ilaj bil dava)
It are distinguished easy from compound medicaments. Also here all medicaments are classified according their qualities (warm, cold, dry, humid), and also after their specific effect (cramp-solving, dividing, digestive-supporting, fever-lowering …). With warm illnesses a suitable medicament is to be selected for the therapy which has, in addition, the quality “cooling”.
3. Measures (Ilaj bil tadbeer)
To this category belongs uses, like bleeding, leeches, purgation, enema, Hammam (steam baths), sauna, therapeutic vomiting among other things. Like with all, therapy measures are also to be followed here the temperaments of the illnesses and those of the patients.
4. Surgical interventions (Ilaj bil yad)
The Arabian doctors have put big landmarks for the modern surgical interventions. Thus Al-Zahrawi has carried out, for example, already neuro-surgical operations. Nevertheless, the modern medicine has developed this therapy method successfully, so that it is rarely used in the today’s practise. Cauterisations also belong in this category of the remedial methods.
Every patient gets according to the regulation of his temperament instructions for the food therapy. Then a choice from the suitable medicaments or measures is to be met. Also the combination of these three therapy methods is possible. Nevertheless, the surgical interventions are always the last decision if the other therapies are not effective enough. A special kind of the therapy, the Munzij Mushil therapy, we will explain here in future closer.