Unani – the traditional medical system
Unani medicine is the old medicine of the Orient and the Occident. Among the rest, still carried out in the Arabian and in the European space till 150 years ago, it is also a symbol for the connection and the exchange between the east and west.
The base of this teaching is the theory of elements, temperaments and humors. Hippokrates attained the title „Father of the medicine“ for his research projects. Also Galen to whom , the today’s “Galenik” are due to, had a big impact to this medicine.The Arabs and the Muslims took over this medicine in their period of bloom and developed them over centuries.
One has not lost the origin of this science out of sight and called them, hence, “Unani medicine”. “Unani” in the Arabian language is the expression for “Greek”, so that it was publicised as a Greek medicine. The advancement of this medicine by Arabian doctors, like Ar-Razi (Rhazes),Az-Zahrawi (Abulcasis) and Ibn Sina(Avicenna), was huge, so that this medicine is called, in the meantime, also graeco-arabian medicine. Ibn Sina the author of „The canon of the medicine“ in which he collected the whole medicine existing at his time and summarized it, became for his outstanding effort to the medicine the title „Prince of the doctors“. Also in Europe and in Germany this medicine was carried out under the name “Humorism” till the 19th century. Whether Kneipps bath uses, Hildegard von Bingens herbal therapy or Aschners bloodletting and cupping therapy, all physicians and therapists used the same root of treatment, the Unani medicine. Nevertheless, by new discoveries of the modern medicines it lost increasingly to weight and fell into oblivion in the Arabian one as well as in the European space.
Without application of the doctors(Hakim) practising till this day in the subcontinent India and Pakistan, the apprenticeship of the Unani medicines hould be found only in books.Nowadays Unani medicine can be studied at Indian and Pakistani universities to the bachelor, to the master and even to the Phd degree.State Unani-research centres exist and in India 262 Unani hospitals, 1019 Unanichemist’s shops and 45011 Unanidoctors are registered (www. ccrum.net).
On our web presence we inform you about the bases and therapy possibilities of this medicine form. It is to be provided for aim to the reader an understanding about the Unanimedicine and to indicate the effect of this medicine on purely scientific way oriented to mind.